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Staff directory

 Rod Tyers

Rod Tyers

Research School of Economics

Adjunct Professor
Email: rod.tyers@anu.edu.au
Phone: +61 2 612 .
CV: CV (.PDF, 127KB)

Research areas

Applied international economics, China, Japan


Professor Tyers is a specialist in applied international economics. He has undergraduate and masters degrees from the University of Melbourne and a doctorate from Harvard University. He has held brief academic appointments at the University of Hawaii and the University of Adelaide and more extended ones at the Australian National University. He is Winthrop Professor of Economics at the University of Western Australia, though he retains an Adjunct Professorship at the Research School of Economics in the Australian National University. 

His research applies economic modelling to issues in international economics, to which he has contributed four books, more than 70 refereed articles and 50 chapters in books. The majority of his research output has concerned the performance of Asian economies and their international implications and, during the past decade, he has focussed on the economies of China and Japan. 

Most recently, he has studied macroeconomic policy formation in China and the global implications of Chinese and Japanese demographic change but he is currently working on the Australian economy and the implications of the recent boom for policy and performance. He has also worked on trade policy, commodity market volatility and the consequences of globalisation and technical change for labour market performance.


Research publications

New Papers

Asano, A. and R. Tyers (2015), “Third Arrow reforms and Japan’s economic performance”, Discussion papers in Economics No 15.17, Business School, University of Western Australia, June, for presentation at the18th Annual Conference on Global Economic Analysis, Melbourne, Australia, 17-19 June.

Azwar, Y. and R. Tyers (2015), “Indonesian macroeconomic policy through two crises”, Discussion Papers in Economics No 15.16, Business School, University of Western Australia, May, CAMA Working paper 16-2015, Australian National University. http://www.business.uwa.edu.au/school/disciplines/economics/2015-economics-discussion-papers; https://cama.crawford.anu.edu.au/publication/cama-working-paper-series/5758/indonesian-macro-policy-through-two-crises

Tyers, R. and I. Bain (2015), “The global economic implications of freer skilled migration”, Discussion Papers in Economics No 15.12, Business School, University of Western Australia, April. http://www.business.uwa.edu.au/school/disciplines/economics/2015-economics-discussion-papers.

Tyers, R. (2015), “China and international macroeconomic interdependence”, CAMA Working Paper No. 9-2015, ANU, April, also Discussion Papers in Economics 15.05, University of Western Australia Business School, https://cama.crawford.anu.edu.au/publication/cama-working-paper-series/5505/china-and-global-macroeconomic-interdependence, http://www.business.uwa.edu.au/school/disciplines/economics/2015-economics-discussion-papers.

Tyers R. (2015), “Financial integration and China’s global impact”, CAMA Working Paper No. 2-2015, UWA Business School Discussion Papers in Economics No. 15.02, January, https://cama.crawford.anu.edu.au/publication/cama-working-paper-series/5187/financial-integration-and-chinas-global-impact.

Tyers R. (2014), “Asymmetry in Boom-Bust Shocks: Australian Performance with Oligopoly”, CAMA Working Paper No. 50-2014, Centre for Applied Macroeconomics, Australian National University, Canberra, May, https://cama.crawford.anu.edu.au/publication/cama-working-paper-series/4327/asymmetry-boom-bust-shocks-australian-performance.


Articles in Scholarly Journals 

Tyers, R. and A. Walker (2015), “Quantifying Australia’s ‘three-speed’ boom”, forthcoming in the Australian Economic Review.

Tyers, R (2015), “Service oligopolies and Australia’s economy-wide performance”, forthcoming in the Australian Economic Review.

Arora, V., R. Tyers and Y. Zhang (2015), “Reconstructing the savings glut: the global implications of Asian excess saving”, International Journal of Economics and Finance, 7(7), July.

Tyers, R. (2015), “International effects of China’s rise and transition: neoclassical and Keynesian perspectives”, Journal of Asian Economics, 37: 1-19, April.

Tyers, R. (2015), “Pessimism shocks in a model of global macroeconomic interdependence”, International Journal of Economics and Finance, 7(1): 37-59, January.

Tyers, R. and Y. Zhang (2014), “Real exchange rate determination and the China puzzle”, Asian-Pacific Economic Literature, 28(2): 1-32, November.

Tyers, R. (2014), “Looking inward for transformative growth”, China Economic Review, 29: 166–184.

Golley, J. and R. Tyers (2014), “Gender rebalancing in China”, Asian Population Studies, 10(2): 125-143.

Tyers, R. (2012), “Japan’s economic stagnation: causes and global implications”, The Economic Record, 88(283): 459-607, December.

Golley, J. and R. Tyers (2012), “Population pessimism and economic optimism in China and India”, The World Economy, 35(11): 1387-1416, November.

Tyers, R. and J. Corbett (2012), “Japan’s Economic Slowdown and its Global Implications: A Review of the Economic Modelling”, Asian-Pacific Economic Literature, 26(2): 1-28, November.

Golley, J. and R. Tyers (2012), “Demographic dividends, dependencies and economic growth in China and India”, Asian Economic Papers, 11(3): 1-26, Fall.

Arora, V. and R. Tyers (2011), “Asset arbitrage and the price of oil”, Economic Modelling, 29(2): 142-150, March.

Tyers, R. and Y. Zhang (2011), “Appreciating the renminbi”, The World Economy, 34(2): 265-297, February.

Tyers, R. and J. Golley (2010), “China's Growth to 2030: The Roles of Demographic Change and Investment Premia”, Review of Development Economics, 14(3): 592-610.

Tyers, R.,and J. Golley (2008). “China’s Real Exchange Rate Puzzle”, Journal of Economic Integration 23: 547-74.

Pennings, S., andR. Tyers (2008). “Increasing Returns, Financial Capital Mobility and Real Exchange Rate Dynamics.” Economic Record 84: S157-S174.

Tyers, R., J. Golley, Y. Bu and I. Bain (2008), “China’s economic growth and its real exchange rate”, China Economic Journal, 1(2): 123 - 145, July.

Tyers, R., Y. Bu and I. Bain (2008). “China’s Equilibrium Real Exchange Rate: A Counterfactual Analysis.” Pacific Economic Review 13: 17-39.

Tyers, R., and W. Coleman (2008). “Beyond Brigden: Australia’s Pre-War Manufacturing Tariffs, Real Wages and Economic Size.” Economic Record 84: 50-67.

Tyers, R., Y. Bu and I. Bain (2008). “China’s Equilibrium Real Exchange Rate: A Counterfactual Analysis.” Pacific Economic Review 13: 17-39.

Menezes, F., M. Pracz andR. Tyers(2007). “Strategic Interaction Amongst Australia’s East Coast Ports.” Australian Economic Review 40: 267-78. 

Tyers, R., and Q. Shi (2007). “Global Demographic Change, Policy Responses and Their Economic Implications.” The World Economy 30: 537-66.

Tyers, R., “Trade reform and manufacturing pricing behaviour in four archetype Asia-Pacific Economies”, Asian Economic Journal 19(2): 181-203, 2005.

Rees, L. andR. Tyers (2004), “Trade reform in the short run: China’s WTO accession”, Journal of Asian Economics 15(1): 1-31, January-February; republished with permission as Chapter 8 in C. Chen and R. Duncan (eds.), The Impact of WTO Accession and Regional Trade Arrangements on China’s Agricultural Sector and Food Security, Canberra: Asia Pacific Press, October 2007.

Tyers, R. and Y. Yang (2004), “The Asian recession and northern labour markets”, The Economic Record, 80(248): 58-75, March.

Roberts, I. and R. Tyers (2003), “China’s exchange rate policy: the case for greater flexibility”, Asian Economic Journal, 17(2): 157-186.

Tyers, R. (2001), “China after the crisis: the elemental macroeconomics”, Asian Economic Journal, 15(2): 173-199, August.

Suryahadi, A., P. Chen and R. Tyers (2001), “Openness, technological change and labor demand in pre-crisis Indonesia”, Asian Economic Journal, 15(3): 239-274, September.

Yang, Y. and R. Tyers (2001), “The Asian crisis and economic change in China”, Japanese Economic Review, 52(4): 492-511, December.

Tyers, R., and Y. Yang (2000). “Capital-Skill Complementarity and Wage Outcomes Following Technical Change in a Global Model.” Oxford Review of Economic Policy 16: 23-41.

Tyers, R. and Y. Yang (2000), “Weathering the crisis: the role of China”, Pacific Economic Papers No. 308, October. 

Tyers, R., R. Duncan and W. Martin (1999), “Trade, Technology and Labor Markets: General Equilibrium Perspectives”. Journal of Economic Integration , 14(2): 226-264.

Liu, J. N. Van Leeuwen, T.T. Vo, R. Tyers, and T.W. Hertel (1998), “Disaggregating  Labor Payments by Skill Level in GTAP”, Technical Paper No.11, Center for Global Trade Analysis, Department of Agricultural Economics, Purdue University, West Lafayette, September ( http://www.agecon.purdue.edu/gtap/techpapr/tp-11.htm)

Tyers, R. and Y. Yang (1997), “Trade with Asia and skill upgrading: effects on labor markets in the older industrial countries”, Review of World Economics 133(3): 383-418, September.  Republished with permission as Chapter 15 in Greenaway, D. and D.R. Nelson (2001), Globalisation and Labour Markets, UK: Edward Elgar: 383-446.

McDougall, R. and R. Tyers (1994), "Trade liberalisation and growth in the Pacific Rim: relative wage implications", American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 76(5): 1111-1119, December.

Tyers, R. (1994), "Comparative advantage in agriculture in the newly independent states: a comment", American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 76(3), August.

Tyers, R. (1993), "Agricultural sector impacts of economic reform in Greater Europe and the former Soviet Union", Journal of Economic Integration, 8(2): 245-277, Autumn.

Anderson, K. and R. Tyers (1993), "More on welfare gains to developing countries from liberalising world food trade", Journal of Agricultural Economics 44(2):189-204, May 1993; republished as Ch. 4, pp: 53-68 in Anderson, K. (ed, 2013), Trade, Development, and Agriculture: Essays in Economic Policy AnalysisSingapore: World Scientific Press and as Chapter 6, pp: 149-164 in Anderson, K. (ed, 2014), Measuring WTO’s Contributions To Global Economic Welfare, London: Edward Elgar, 912pp.

Tyers, R. (1993), "The Cairns Group in the Uruguay Round of International Trade Negotiations", Australian Economic Review, First Quarter (April): 45-56.

Anderson, K. and R. Tyers (1992), "Japanese Rice Policy in the Interwar Period: Some Consequences of Imperial Self-Sufficiency." Japan and the World Economy, 4: 103-127, May.

Ng, S.N. and R. Tyers (1992), "A Specific Factors Approach to Labour Market Policy in Singapore", The Developing Economies, 30(1): 24-49, March. 

Anderson, K. and R. Tyers (1992) "Effects of Gradual Food Policy Reforms in the 1990s", European Review of Agricultural Economics, 19(1): 1-24, January.

Tyers, R. (1991), "On the Neglect of Dynamics, Risk and Market Insulation in the Analysis of Uruguay Round Food Trade Reforms", Australian Journal of Agricultural Economics, 35(3): 305-323.

Gunasekera, H.D.B. and R. Tyers (1990), "The Spread of Agricultural Protection to the Developing Countries of Asia: Implications for Trade and Welfare." Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics, 45(4): 495-502, Oct-Dec. 

Tyers, R. (1990), "Agricultural trade Reform and Price Risk in Domestic and International Food Markets", The World Economy 13(2): 212-229. 

Tyers, R. (1990), “Implicit Policy Preferences and the Assessment of Negotiable Trade Policy Reforms.” European Economic Review, 34: 1399-1426.

Gunasekera, H. D. B., and R. Tyers (1990), “Imperfect Competition and Returns to Scale in a Newly Industrialising Economy: A General Equilibrium Analysis of Korean Trade Policy.” Journal of Development Economics 34: 223-47.

Tyers, R. (1989), "Developing Country Interests in Agricultural Trade Reforms", Agricultural Economics, 3: 169-186.

Tyers, R. and K. Anderson (1989), "Price Elasticities in International Food Trade: Synthetic Estimates from a Global Model", Journal of Policy Modeling, 11(3): 315-44.

Yang, Y. and R. Tyers (1989), "The Economic Cost of Food Self-Sufficiency in China", World Development, 17(2): 237-253.

Tyers, R., and R. E. Falvey (1989). “Border Price Changes and Domestic Welfare in the Presence of Subsidised Exports.” Oxford Economic Papers, 41: 434-51.

Tyers, R., Phillips, P. and P. Drysdale (1988), "Projecting Matrices of International Trade Flows: The Case of Australian and Pacific Basin Trade: Journal of Economics and International Relations, 2(3): 185-204.

Tyers, R., and K. Anderson (1988). “Liberalising OECD Agricultural Policies in the Uruguay Round: Effects on Trade and Welfare.” Journal of Agricultural Economics 39(2): 197-216. Also published as Chpt. 8 in H. W. Singer, N. Hatti and R. Tandon (eds) Trade Liberalisation in the 1990s, New World Order Series Vol. VIII, New Delhi: Indus Publishing Co., 1990; as a chapter in G. H. Peters (ed.) Agricultural Economics, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, 1994; in C. Milner (ed.), Developing and Newly Industrialising Countries, Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd, UK, 1998; and as a chapter in K. Anderson and T. Josling (eds.), Critical Perspectives on the Global Trading System and the WTO, Edward Elgar, 2004.

Anderson, K. and R. Tyers (1987), "Japan's Agricultural Policy in International Perspective", Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, 1(1): 1-16, also published in Japanese in Economics Today, 4: 144-55, Winter.

Anderson, K. and R. Tyers (1987), "Economic Growth and Market Liberalisation in China: Implications for Agricultural Trade", The Developing Economies, 25(2): 124-51.

Anderson, K. and R. Tyers (1986), "Agricultural Policies of Industrial Countries and their Effects on Traditional Food Exporters", The Economic Record, 62(179) 385-99.

Anderson, K. and R. Tyers (1985), "China's Economic Growth, Structural Transformation and Food Trade", The Australian Journal of Chinese Affairs, 14: 65-83.

Tyers, R. and K. Anderson (1985), "Price, Trade and Welfare Effects of Agricultural Protection:  The Case of East Asia", Review of Marketing and Agricultural Economics, 53(3): 175-195.

Tyers, R. (1985), "Agricultural Protection and Market Insulation: Model Structure and Results for the European Community", Journal of Policy Modeling, 7(2): 219-251.

Anderson, K. and R. Tyers (1985), "European Community Grain and Meat Policies: Effects on International Prices, Trade and Welfare", European Review of Agricultural Economics, 11(4): 367-394.

Tyers, R. (1982), "Food Security in ASEAN: Potential Impacts of a Pacific Economic Community", Singapore Economic Review, 27(2): 40-60.

Tyers, R. and A. Rachman (1982), "Food Security and Consumption Diversification in Indonesia: Results from Multi Commodity Simulation", Journal of Policy Modeling, 4(3): 363-394. 


Books and recent chapters

Tyers, R., and K. Anderson (1992). Disarray in World Food Markets: A Quantitative Assessment, Cambridge University Press. 434pp.

Anderson, K. and R. Tyers (1991), Global Effects of Liberalising Trade in Farm Products, Thames Essay: Trade Policy Research Centre: Harvester Wheatsheaf, 160pp.

Chisholm, A.H. and R. Tyers (eds, 1982), Food Security: Theory Policy and Perspectives from Asia and the Pacific, D.C. Heath, Lexington Books, 359pp.

Tyers, R. (2015), “Financial integration and global interdependence”, chapter 9 in C. Fang, L. Johnston, R. Garnaut, L. Song (eds), China’s Domestic Transformation in a Global Context, Canberra: ANU E Press and Beijing: Social Sciences Academic Press, July.

Tyers, R. and Y. Zhang (2014), “Short run implications of China’s reform agenda”, Chapter 7 in R. Garnaut, C. Fang and L. Song (eds), Deepening Reform for China’s Long-Term Growth and Development, Canberra: ANU E Press and Beijing: Social Sciences Academic Press: 159-189.

Tyers, R. (2014), “The rise and robustness of economic freedoms in China”, Chapter 6 in Moore, G., ed., The Open Society and Its Enemies in East Asia, Routledge: 110-131.

Tyers, R., Y. Zhang and T.S. Cheong (2013), “China’s saving and global economic performance”, Chapter 6 in Garnaut, R., F. Cai and L. Song (eds,) China: A New Model for Growth and DevelopmentCanberra: ANU E Press and Beijing: Social Sciences Academic Press: 97-124.

Tyers, R. (2012), “Looking inward for growth”, Chapter 2 in H. McKay and L. Song (eds) Rebalancing and sustaining growth in China, Canberra: ANU E Press and Social Sciences Academic Press (CASS, China): 19-44.

Tyers, R. and Q. Shi (2012), “Global demographic change, labour force growth and economic performance”, Chapter 13 in Ianchovichina, E. and T. Walmsley, Dynamic Modeling and Applications in Global Economic Analysis, Cambridge University Press: 342-375.

Golley, J. and R. Tyers (2011), “Contrasting giants: demographic change and economic performance in China and India”, Selected Papers of the Beijing Forum 2010: The Harmony of Civilisations and Prosperity for All, Peking University Press and Reed-Elsevier, Beijing, June.

Tyers, R. and Y. Zhang (2010), “The real exchange rate and the renminbi”, in R. Garnaut, J. Golley and L. Song, eds, China: The Next 20 Years of Reform and Development (Canberra: ANU E Press; Washington DC: Brookings Institution Press; Beijing: Social Sciences Academic Press), July: 163-192.


Research grants and awards

2015-2016       Woodside Petroleum, “The economic implications of Australia’s natural gas reservation policies”, leading Chief Investigator with Professor Peter Hartley and Ms Kelly Neill, $130,000, not including UWA Research Office matching funds, $20,000.


2010-2014       Australia-Japan Foundation Grant, “Modelling Japanese economic performance – implications for Australia”, joint Chief Investigator with Professor Jenny Corbett, Crawford School, Australian National University, $40,000.


2010-2012       ARC Discovery Grant DP 1094835, “Commodity Booms and Busts: Implications for the Australian Economy”, second Chief Investigator, with Ken Clements, UWA, $270,000, granted over three years.


2008-2010       ARC Discovery Grant DP0879094 “Economic Growth and Real Exchange Rates”, first investigator, joint with Professors Steve Dowrick and Heather Anderson, ANU, $314,000 granted over three years.


2005-2007       ARC Discovery Grant DP0557885 “Economic consequences for Australia of global demographic change”, first investigator, joint with Professor Tim Hatton, Dr Siew-Ean Khoo, Em/Professor Ron Duncan, Dr Max Tani, Dr Qun Shi, ANU, $260,000 granted over three years, carried forward into 2008.


2005-2007       ARC Discovery Grant DP0557885 “Economy-wide consequences of regulation and privatisation in Australia”, first investigator, joint with Professor Flavio Menezes, Director of the Australian Centre for Regulatory Economics, Faculty of Economics and Commerce, ANU, $380,000 granted over three years.


2004                Faculty of Economics and Commerce, ANU, Internal Research Grant: “Sectoral similarity trends and the damping of Stolper-Samuelson effects”, $6,000 for one year.


2001-2005       Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation (RIRDC).  Large Grant ANU-51A: “Global demographic and income trends: their implications for food consumption”, joint with Emeritus Professor Ron Duncan, ANU, A$176,679over three years.


1999-2004       Australian Council for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR), Project No. ADP/1998/128, Project leader Emeritus Professor (Economics and Commerce ANU) Ron Duncan, associate investigator Professor Rod Tyers, $930,746, "Achieving food security in China: implications of WTO accession".


1999-2002       Australian Research Council.  Large Grant A00000201, “Growth and recession in Asia: impacts on wages and employment in Australia and other high wage countries”, sole Chief Investigator, A$80,000 over three years.


1995    Australian Research Council.  Large grant A79532636 to study rises in wage inequality and unemployment in Australia and other industrial countries and determine the contributions of developing country trade and domestic technical change.  A$47,000.  First investigator, with Rod Falvey and Robert McDougall.


            World Bank, International Economics Department (IECIT), grant to extend research on wage inequality in industrial countries and its links to trade with developing countries.  US$30,000.  First investigator, with Rod Falvey and Ron Duncan.


1993    Australian Research Council.  Small grant 92FIGI096 (S6600417)to study changes in Australia’s trade patterns and their implications for unemployment and income distribution.  A$13,000.  First investigator, with Rod Falvey and Peter Forsyth.


1992    Australian Research council.  Large grant AF9130595 to study the implications of trade reform for investment and innovation in Australia and East Asia.  A$60,000.  First investigator, with Neil Vousden and Ngo Van Long.  Neil took over coordination and most of the research in 1993 as I became overcommitted elsewhere.


1988    Australian Research Council.  Large grant A78931961 to study imperfect competition and trade policy in four archetypal economies of the Western Pacific.  A$17,500.


1984    World Bank, International Economic Analysis and Projections Department, grant to support research toward a background paper for the World Development Report 1995. US$70,000. Joint with Kym Anderson.


1979    Economic Research Service, US Department of Agriculture, grant to fund cooperative research on US-Asia trade in agricultural products, US$25,000.



Economic Modelling



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